Prof. Aaron Sprecher

Assoc. Prof. Aaron Sprecher

Aaron Sprecher is Associate Professor at the Technion Faculty of Architecture and Town Planning. He co-leads the Material Topology Research Laboratory at the Faculty of Architecture. In parallel, he is co-founder and partner of the award-winning practice Open Source Architecture, a collaborative research group that brings together international researchers in the fields of design, architecture, engineering, and media research.

He taught at Syracuse University School of Architecture (2005-2008) before joining McGill University School of Architecture (2008-2016) where he founded the Laboratory for Integrated Prototyping and Hybrid Environments (McGill LIPHE). During his tenure at McGill University, Professor Sprecher was awarded a series of research grants including the prestigious Canada Foundation for Innovation grant and two Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council grants among others.

His research and design work focus on the synergy between information technologies, computational languages, and digital fabrication systems, examining the way in which technology informs and generates innovative approaches to design processes. Beside his publications and exhibitions, he has lectured at many institutions, including the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Harvard University, Rhode Island School of Design (RISD), and Rice University.

Aaron is co-curator and co-editor of the exhibition and catalogue The Gen(H)ome Project (MAK Center, Los Angeles, 2006) and Evolutive Means (Pratt Institute, New York, 2010). As conference co-chair of ACADIA 2010, he is co-editor of LIFE in:formation: On Responsive Information and Variations in Architecture (2010, New York: ACADIA), Architecture in Formation—On the Nature of Information in Digital Architecture (2013, London: Routledge/Taylor and Francis) and Instabilities and Potentialities (2019, London: Routledge/Taylor and Francis).

He was a member of the Editorial Board of the Journal of Architectural Education (JAE). He is a member of the Advisory Board of the Confluence Institute in France, and a member of the Board of Directors of the Society for Arts and Technology (SAT, Montreal).

Link to Open Source Architecture

Publications

  • T. Shaked, K. L. Bar-Sinai, and A. Sprecher, “Human Sensibility, Robotic Craft: Toward Autonomous Stonework,” in Design culture(s)-cumulus conference 2021, Rome, Italy, 2021.
    [Bibtex]
    @inproceedings{Shaked2021,
    abstract = {Recent advancements in architectural robotics allow to explore the coupling of manual craft with digital tools. However, current methods remain limited in capturing the qualities and nuances in manual techniques. This paper presents a protocol for transferring stone crafts to robotic fabrication, towards an autonomous process. Relying on advanced sensing and fabrication tools, the protocol re-instills the qualities of traditional stone craft in contemporary architectural making. This is demonstrated through a study of regional stonework. Drawing upon both historical practices and current standards, the protocol demonstrates three capacities: documenting - recording and analyzing of stonework techniques; augmenting - enabling to reenact the craft using a robotic arm; and enhancing - a proposed framework for autonomous robotic craft in uncertain conditions. In face of the demise of manual crafts, these new avenues for robotic fabrication assist in preserving and advancing regional stonework.},
    added-at = {2020-05-29T11:32:32.000+0200},
    address = {Rome, Italy},
    author = {Shaked, Tom and Bar-Sinai, Karen Lee and Sprecher, Aaron},
    biburl = {https://www.bibsonomy.org/bibtex/2067c6e7883f61b460e837ce65ff13635/tomshaked},
    booktitle = {Design Culture(s)-Cumulus Conference 2021},
    file = {:Users/avi 1/Library/Application Support/Mendeley Desktop/Downloaded/Shaked, Bar-Sinai, Sprecher - 2020 - Human Sensibility, Robotic Craft Toward Autonomous Stonework.docx:docx},
    interhash = {ddd5c235439f0ed703ef7d91e97b53f1},
    intrahash = {067c6e7883f61b460e837ce65ff13635},
    keywords = {AS AUTONOMOUS COMPUTATIONAL CRAFT DESIGN,DIGITAL FABRICATION,FEEDBACK-BASED KL MANUFACTURING,STONEWORKING,TRADITIONAL TS},
    timestamp = {2020-05-29T22:35:06.000+0200},
    title = {{Human Sensibility, Robotic Craft: Toward Autonomous Stonework}},
    year = 2021
    }
  • [DOI] T. Shaked, K. L. Bar-Sinai, and A. Sprecher, “Craft to site,” Construction robotics, 2020.
    [Bibtex]
    @article{Shaked2020b,
    abstract = {The paper presents a craft-oriented middleware for assisting in situ robotic fabrication. This middleware addresses the need for sensor-based feedback in robotic fabrication involving uncertain materials, non-structured environments, or post-production surfaces. The presented middleware addresses these fabrication challenges by allowing the robot to react to its environment without the need for a predetermined program. The middleware and its components are presented, followed by experiments demonstrating in situ capacities. The first experiment demonstrates autonomous carving—performing an iterative, non-prescribed robotic fabrication process. The second experiment presents integrated fabrication—a sequence of subtractive and additive techniques performed on a non-even substrate. Together, these experiments contribute to the implementation of sensible robotic middleware in architecture and assist in restoring the lost link between workmanship and construction sites.},
    added-at = {2020-11-07T17:18:08.000+0100},
    author = {Shaked, Tom and Bar-Sinai, Karen Lee and Sprecher, Aaron},
    biburl = {https://www.bibsonomy.org/bibtex/2b8a470b4867072c1dd0dc14e92761769/tomshaked},
    doi = {10.1007/s41693-020-00044-7},
    file = {:Users/avi 1/Documents/Academy/Publications/Construction Robotics/Shaked2020{\_}Article{\_}CraftToSite.pdf:pdf},
    interhash = {b09e0df38f249c6fbc5ec5e9d90fc1cb},
    intrahash = {b8a470b4867072c1dd0dc14e92761769},
    issn = {2509-8780},
    journal = {Construction Robotics},
    keywords = {AS KL TS},
    timestamp = {2020-11-07T17:20:32.000+0100},
    title = {{Craft to site}},
    url = {https://doi.org/10.1007/s41693-020-00044-7},
    year = 2020
    }
  • K. L. Bar-Sinai, T. Shaked, and A. Sprecher, “Sensibility at Large: a Post-anthropocene Vision for Architectural Landscape Editing,” in 25th international conference on computer-aided architectural design research in asia: re: anthropocene – design in the age of humans, caadria 2020, Bangkok, Thailand, 2020.
    [Bibtex]
    @inproceedings{Bar-Sinai2020,
    abstract = {The irreversible imprint of humankind on earth calls for revisiting current construction practices. This paper forwards a vision for post-Anthropocene, large-scale, architectural and landscape construction. This vision relates to the way natural terrains can be transformed into architecture using robotic tools, and the way advanced in situ digital fabrication can enable attainment of greater sustainability through increased sensibility. Despite advancements in large scale digital fabrication in architecture, the field still mainly focuses on the production of objects. The proposed vision aims to advance theory and practice toward territorial scale digital fabrication enabling the production of environments. Three notions are proposed: large-scale customization, material-aware construction, and integrated fabrication. These three aspects are demonstrated through research and teaching projects demonstrating ways for robotic tools and advanced sensing to be applied toward reforming, stabilizing, and reconstituting natural sand. Together, they propose a theoretical ground for large-scale, in situ digital fabrication for a new era, relinking architecture to the terrains upon which it is formed.},
    added-at = {2020-08-04T14:16:14.000+0200},
    address = {Bangkok, Thailand},
    author = {Bar-Sinai, Karen Lee and Shaked, Tom and Sprecher, Aaron},
    biburl = {https://www.bibsonomy.org/bibtex/2a76874c0509bf97dacaf28520320029f/tomshaked},
    booktitle = {25th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia: RE: Anthropocene - Design in the Age of Humans, CAADRIA 2020},
    file = {:Users/avi 1/Documents/Academy/Publications/CAADRIA 2020/Sensibility at Large/Sensibility at Large{\_}200505.pdf:pdf;:Users/avi 1/Documents/Academy/Publications/CAADRIA 2020/Sensibility at Large{\_}CAADRIA 2020.pdf:pdf},
    interhash = {01272f90b0d207f11a0902a7de82db73},
    intrahash = {a76874c0509bf97dacaf28520320029f},
    keywords = {AS Iterative KL TS design design,digital fabrication,territorial processes,computational scale},
    timestamp = {2020-08-04T14:16:14.000+0200},
    title = {{Sensibility at Large: a Post-anthropocene Vision for Architectural Landscape Editing}},
    year = 2020
    }
  • [DOI] K. L. Bar-Sinai, T. Shaked, and A. Sprecher, “A Pedagogical Protocol for Iterative Robotic Fabrication on Remote Grounds,” Archnet-ijar: international journal of architectural research, 2020.
    [Bibtex]
    @article{Bar-Sinai2020a,
    added-at = {2020-05-29T11:32:32.000+0200},
    author = {Bar-Sinai, Karen Lee and Shaked, Tom and Sprecher, Aaron},
    biburl = {https://www.bibsonomy.org/bibtex/2bb32baf81d1c095ea70efe6ffaa913ae/tomshaked},
    doi = {10.1108/ARCH-09-2019-0214},
    interhash = {be9aa75b150398038cd62adc2ef22958},
    intrahash = {bb32baf81d1c095ea70efe6ffaa913ae},
    journal = {ArchNet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research},
    keywords = {AS KL TS imported},
    publisher = {Archnet},
    timestamp = {2020-05-29T22:34:14.000+0200},
    title = {{A Pedagogical Protocol for Iterative Robotic Fabrication on Remote Grounds}},
    year = 2020
    }
  • T. Shaked, K. L. Bar-Sinai, and A. Sprecher, “Autonomous in Craft: Embedding Human Sensibility in Robotic Fabrication,” in 25th international conference on computer-aided architectural design research in asia: re: anthropocene – design in the age of humans, caadria 2020, Bangkok, Thailand, 2020.
    [Bibtex]
    @inproceedings{Shaked2020,
    abstract = {Recent advancements in architectural robotics allow to explore the coupling of manual craft with digital tools. However, current methods remain limited in addressing high-skill, custom tasks involving material uncertainty. In this context, the paper presents three capacities that stand at the core of performing autonomous robotic craft. These include: documenting the movements and gestures of local stone craftsmen; augmenting the robotic system with a custom end effector and a sensor toolkit; and enhancing the fabrication process through a protocol that translates the documented data to an autonomous process. The three capacities aid in preserving local crafts, expanding robotic tools with new capabilities, and enabling architectural fabrication with a wider range of materials.},
    added-at = {2020-05-29T11:32:32.000+0200},
    address = {Bangkok, Thailand},
    author = {Shaked, Tom and Bar-Sinai, Karen Lee and Sprecher, Aaron},
    biburl = {https://www.bibsonomy.org/bibtex/2ba1e1177818208398bd2fa16d79c10ef/tomshaked},
    booktitle = {25th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia: RE: Anthropocene - Design in the Age of Humans, CAADRIA 2020},
    file = {:Users/avi 1/Documents/Academy/Publications/CAADRIA 2020/Autonomous in Craft/Autonomous in Craft{\_}200505.pdf:pdf},
    interhash = {c953953f22e59c0af6dcd4629f4e1b81},
    intrahash = {ba1e1177818208398bd2fa16d79c10ef},
    keywords = {AS Computational KL TS automated carving design,digital fabrication,feedback-based manufacturing,simulation,stone},
    timestamp = {2020-05-29T22:33:45.000+0200},
    title = {{Autonomous in Craft: Embedding Human Sensibility in Robotic Fabrication}},
    year = 2020
    }
  • C. Ahrens and A. Sprecher, Instabilities and potentialities: notes on the nature of knowledge in digital architecture, Routledge, 2019.
    [Bibtex]
    @book{ahrens2019instabilities,
    added-at = {2020-05-30T00:25:16.000+0200},
    author = {Ahrens, Chandler and Sprecher, Aaron},
    biburl = {https://www.bibsonomy.org/bibtex/22ac66ea31716a1961707744839220e6a/tomshaked},
    interhash = {e6bde88f3c4c718af868953bd6a8ce52},
    intrahash = {2ac66ea31716a1961707744839220e6a},
    isbn = {9781138583986},
    keywords = {imported},
    publisher = {Routledge},
    timestamp = {2020-05-30T01:05:13.000+0200},
    title = {Instabilities and Potentialities: Notes on the Nature of Knowledge in Digital Architecture},
    year = 2019
    }
  • K. L. Bar-Sinai, T. Shaked, and A. Sprecher, “Informing Grounds: Robotic Sand-forming Simulating Remote Autonomous Lunar Groundscaping,” in Acadia 2019: ubiquity and autonomy, 2019, p. 258–265.
    [Bibtex]
    @inproceedings{Bar-Sinai2019a,
    added-at = {2020-05-29T23:46:51.000+0200},
    author = {Bar-Sinai, Karen Lee and Shaked, Tom and Sprecher, Aaron},
    biburl = {https://www.bibsonomy.org/bibtex/2580ba7c3c5d150cd4cf4e71d5043ce7d/tomshaked},
    booktitle = {ACADIA 2019: Ubiquity and Autonomy},
    file = {:Users/avi 1/Library/Application Support/Mendeley Desktop/Downloaded/Bar-Sinai, Shaked, Sprecher - 2019 - Informing Grounds Robotic Sand-forming Simulating Remote Autonomous Lunar Groundscaping.pdf:pdf},
    interhash = {916e2e1631d84de7eff81e85d30fa752},
    intrahash = {580ba7c3c5d150cd4cf4e71d5043ce7d},
    isbn = {9780578591797},
    keywords = {as, kl ts,},
    pages = {258--265},
    publisher = {The University of Texas ,Austin, TX},
    timestamp = {2020-05-30T01:14:02.000+0200},
    title = {{Informing Grounds: Robotic Sand-forming Simulating Remote Autonomous Lunar Groundscaping}},
    year = 2019
    }
  • T. Shaked and A. Sprecher, “Technical Indeterminism: Toward a Sensible Architectural Tool,” in The tools of the architect eahn conference, tu delft and hni, 2017.
    [Bibtex]
    @inproceedings{Shaked2017,
    added-at = {2020-05-29T11:32:32.000+0200},
    author = {Shaked, Tom and Sprecher, Aaron},
    biburl = {https://www.bibsonomy.org/bibtex/2873204d942fb7aad9caab5e178c541f0/tomshaked},
    booktitle = {The Tools of the Architect EAHN CONFERENCE, TU DELFT and HNI},
    file = {:Users/avi 1/Library/Application Support/Mendeley Desktop/Downloaded/Shaked, Sprecher - 2017 - Technical Indeterminism Toward a Sensible Architectural Tool.docx:docx},
    interhash = {b879f655f48a2a86c862bc9c192c75d6},
    intrahash = {873204d942fb7aad9caab5e178c541f0},
    keywords = {AS TS imported},
    timestamp = {2020-05-29T23:21:34.000+0200},
    title = {{Technical Indeterminism: Toward a Sensible Architectural Tool}},
    year = 2017
    }
  • P. Lorenzo-Eiroa and A. Sprecher, Architecture in formation: on the nature of information in digital architecture, Routledge, 2013.
    [Bibtex]
    @book{lorenzo2013architecture,
    added-at = {2020-05-30T00:25:16.000+0200},
    author = {Lorenzo-Eiroa, Pablo and Sprecher, Aaron},
    biburl = {https://www.bibsonomy.org/bibtex/2c98152abb404e00ac1a76ee91be24558/tomshaked},
    interhash = {17128fd09c6bc1044e455c8a04644a1b},
    intrahash = {c98152abb404e00ac1a76ee91be24558},
    isbn = {9780415534901},
    keywords = {imported},
    publisher = {Routledge},
    timestamp = {2020-05-30T01:04:26.000+0200},
    title = {Architecture in Formation: On the Nature of Information in Digital Architecture},
    year = 2013
    }

Patents

  • T. Shaked and A. Sprecher, “Adaptive Robotic Stone Surfacing,” , 2020.
    [Bibtex]
    @patent{Shaked2020a,
    added-at = {2020-11-07T17:23:04.000+0100},
    author = {Shaked, Tom and Sprecher, Aaron},
    biburl = {https://www.bibsonomy.org/bibtex/22ff499cbd18d5eb77a7fb17ab6a0ac87/tomshaked},
    file = {:Users/avi 1/Documents/Academy/Patents/Adaptive Robotic Stone Surfacing/TECH-P-0241-USP{\_}APP{\_}4AUG20.pdf:pdf},
    interhash = {d47004c6d8bc9f320e705878088a8654},
    intrahash = {2ff499cbd18d5eb77a7fb17ab6a0ac87},
    keywords = {AS TS},
    timestamp = {2020-11-07T17:23:04.000+0100},
    title = {{Adaptive Robotic Stone Surfacing}},
    year = 2020
    }
  • R. Pourati, P. Larianovsky, A. Bentur, J. Grobman, T. Shaked, A. Sprecher, A. Weissman, and B. Masri, “Thin shaped structural elements and noble method of making same,” , 2019.
    [Bibtex]
    @patent{Pourati2019,
    added-at = {2020-06-07T19:15:56.000+0200},
    author = {Pourati, Ryan and Larianovsky, Pavel and Bentur, Arnon and Grobman, Jacob and Shaked, Tom and Sprecher, Aaron and Weissman, Aaharon and Masri, Bassam},
    biburl = {https://www.bibsonomy.org/bibtex/2447aa410e6933652c25ec8d48a03afb3/tomshaked},
    file = {:Users/avi 1/Documents/Academy/Publications/WO2020031187A1.pdf:pdf},
    interhash = {9eb03b6351d5041233202bf39d10577e},
    intrahash = {447aa410e6933652c25ec8d48a03afb3},
    keywords = {AS RP TS},
    timestamp = {2020-11-07T17:21:42.000+0100},
    title = {{Thin shaped structural elements and noble method of making same}},
    url = {https://patents.google.com/patent/WO2020031187A1},
    year = 2019
    }

Teaching

Evaluative Tools in Architecture

The course considers the multiple design strategies, representation methods, architectural media (including textual methods), to express the quality of an architectural proposal. The course considers three fundamental aspects that stand at the core the architectural research, namely the notions of form, forces, and material. Based on these three notions, each weekly session will be dedicated… Continue Reading Evaluative Tools in Architecture

The Global Studio

This studio is organized in the context of the Azrieli Global Studio program, a new collaborative initiative between McGill University in Montreal, Tel Aviv University and the Technion. The common theme for the thematic studio at the three schools concerns the architecture of extreme environments. Canadian students from McGill University will work on a site… Continue Reading The Global Studio

Architecture in Formation: Selected Theories of a Digital Culture in Architecture

This course proposes to address the contemporary nature of the relation between design, technology, and the sciences across a series of seminal essays and manifestos that have influenced architecture since the postwar period to today. The structure of the course follows a series of topics that will be developed on a weekly basis. Thus, the… Continue Reading Architecture in Formation: Selected Theories of a Digital Culture in Architecture